DOI: https://doi.org/10.24919/2519-4100.3.168487

Nutrition as a source of energy for a primary school student

O. Vashchenko

Анотація


 

Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of features and requirements for organization of rational nutrition of primary school students. Attention is drawn to the fact that in the younger school age the further formation of the body and slow linear increase in the length and weight of the body continue, metabolic processes become more intense, skeletal system and skeletal muscles form, as well as the cardiovascular, pulmonary system, digestive tract, immunological defense system.

The digestive system of a primary school student is ready to fulfill an important function to provide a fast-growing organism with nutrients, but the mucous membrane is still too tender. Therefore, it is advisable to teach children that, despite the lack of time and stressful training schedule, you should always thoroughly chew your food carefully, without hesitation.

Physiological needs of the organism increase according to the growth of the child's body. This, above all, causes the need for energy, basic nutrients as well as all micronutrients (vitamins and minerals). In addition, a primary school student acquires a new social status. The transition to a new way of life associated with learning, as well as with a new circle of peers, imprints both on the organization of nutrition for schoolchildren, and on individual skills and habits. Classes in the school, sports games and physical education raise the appetite of the child. However, some of the "whims" in the diet left since pre-school years (the predominance of some types of products and the rejection of others) may remain among primary school students.

Malnutrition, which is expressed in protein-caloric or micronutrient insufficiency of vitamins and minerals, causes increased fatigue of a student, reduces performance, mental and physical activity, increases the risk of colds and other infectious diseases. Although the nutrition of a child of primary school age consists of the same products as adult food, the organization of child's feeding (regime, quantity of products, set of products) have significant differences.

Keywords: rational nutrition, primary school, primary school student.


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ЛІТЕРАТУРА

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